WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO LEARN?

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Most learner drivers are not aware of what is required to pass the driving test, so below you will find a copy of the expectations laid, Everything you will see on here is what the Pakistan Traffic Department and their team of examiners expect you to be able to do without serious fault.

COCKPIT CHECKS

DSSSM driving position head restraints seat belts doors gears and handbrake safety check mirrors Underpinning knowledge order of adjustment best driving position mirror adjustment, including anti-dazzle variety of seat adjustments

SAFETY CHECKS

POWER (petrol – oil – water – electrics – rubber) Underpinning knowledge daily and weekly vehicle checks service intervals planning for journeys clear windscreens

CONTROLS & INSTRUMENTS

Accelerator, clutch and footbrake handbrake, steering, speedometer, horn, indicators and gears instrument panel warning lights wipers hazard, reversing, side, fog and headlights demister and heated windows manufacturers options Underpinning knowledge the function of each the effects of incorrect use how to read and understand them

MOVING AWAY & STOPPING

MSM and PSL observation and blind spots control and co-ordination on level and on gradient at angle and straight ahead Underpinning knowledge co-ordination of accelerator, clutch and footbrake handbrake and steering where and when to look and what to look for suitable stopping places signals when necessary

SAFE POSITIONING

normal driving lane discipline passing stationary vehicles and obstructions bends Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL other vehicles positioning (LGV, cyclists etc) wide and narrow roads one-way streets

MIRRORS – VISION & USE

interior and exterior flat, concave and convex Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL when to use them why they should be used how to act on what is seen blind spots frequency of checks and why

SIGNALS

by arm and by indicators brake, reversing and hazard lights by other road users and traffic controllers Underpinning knowledge why signals are necessary when and how to signal unnecessary signals

ANTICIPATION & PLANNING

risk awareness in connection with: drivers, cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians, animals, road works, emergency vehicles and any other road users Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL hazard perception visual warnings times and places of high risk weather conditions scanning and priorities

USE OF SPEED

appropriate speed making progress hesitancy Underpinning knowledge national speed limits restricted speed limits road and weather conditions traffic conditions pedestrian activity stopping distances

OTHER TRAFFIC

meeting, crossing and overtaking one way and two way roads three-lane two-way roads major, minor and narrow roads dual carriageways Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL when and why to give way passing places and warning signs obstructions, parked vehicles… planning and anticipation how to act on what is seen motorways

JUNCTIONS

T-junctions and Y-junctions crossroads and slip roads marked and unmarked junctions one-way streets urban, rural and dual carriageways Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL turning, entering and emerging advance warning signs and road markings zones of vision priorities

ROUNDABOUTS

mini and major multiple and satellite traffic light controlled approaching and entering leaving and turning straight ahead Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL lane discipline correct position zones of vision observation priorities

PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS

controlled eg. pelican uncontrolled eg. zebra school crossing patrols Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL visual warnings speed of approach and overtaking times and places of high risk waiting pedestrians central refuges and split crossings weather conditions scanning

DUAL CARRIAGEWAYS

urban, rural and clearways Underpinning knowledge MSM and PSL speed limits lane discipline advance warning and information signs joining, leaving and turning breakdowns, hazard lights and triangles motorways road and weather conditions

TURNING THE VEHICLE AROUND

flat and cambered roads wide and narrow roads Underpinning knowledge safe, legal and convenient co-ordination of foot and hand controls steering (position and method) judgement and accuracy observation signal options

REVERSING

left, right and straight flat and cambered roads square and radius corners wide and narrow roads on level and on gradient Underpinning knowledge safe, convenient and legal co-ordination of foot and hand controls steering (position and method) judgement and accuracy observation signal options

PARKING

In a bay and parallel on level and on gradient Underpinning knowledge safe, legal and convenient co-ordination of foot and hand controls steering – position and method judgement and accuracy observation signal options

EMERGENCY STOP

quick reaction control and skidding Underpinning knowledge hazard perception clutch and brake co-ordination ABS front and rear wheel skid control defensive driving road and weather conditions moving away safely

DARKNESS

fog, ice, snow, wind and rain urban and rural areas single and dual carriageways Underpinning knowledge speed and stopping distances vehicle condition and characteristics visibility skidding and aquaplaning warning signs and signals use of lights, horn and hazard lights parking

WEATHER CONDITIONS

fog, ice, snow, sun, wind and rain urban and rural areas single and dual carriageways Underpinning knowledge speed and stopping distances vehicle condition and characteristics visibility skidding and aquaplaning warning signs and signals use of lights, horn and hazard lights parking

LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES

driver and vehicle requirements Underpinning knowledge drink and drugs mobile communications tiredness and rest periods dealing with accidents licence requirements and accompanying drivers health and eyesight vehicle condition and registration tax, MOT and insurance traffic rules and regulations

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

noise and pollution Underpinning knowledge driving styles and impact on environment green issues vehicle maintenance disposal of vehicle waste health and safety of drivers and others

PASSENGERS & CARRYING LOADS

drivers’ responsibilities regarding adults, children, babies and animals carrying loads on and in the vehicle loading trailers and cycle racks Underpinning knowledge use of seatbelts doors, guards and restraints airbags and seating load and luggage stowage weight distribution

SECURITY

vehicle, contents and personal security when parking, driving at night and daytime in event of breakdown and accident Underpinning knowledge personal and vehicle security systems safe places for parking minimising opportunities for theft of and from vehicle, and attack

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